African American History Culture : The Provincial Freeman


Well-Known Member
Feb 28, 2009

This weekly newspaper was published and edited by blacks in Toronto, Canada West (as Ontario was then called), between 1854 and 1857. It was edited by Samuel B. Ward, who had been born in slavery. The "Publishing Agent" who signed the paper's prospectus "M. A. Shadd" was Mary Ann (Shadd) Carey, a daughter of free blacks, who was the first African American woman publisher in North America.
The paper's tone -- toward Uncle Tom's Cabin and white America generally -- was a lot more aggressively critical than most African Americans living in the North at this time, including Frederick Douglass, allowed themselves to be. The article "George Harris" below is one of the most hostile black critiques of Stowe's novel I've found.

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