going above and beyond
- Jul 2, 2003
- (RF) Technician
DON'T TAKE THE NEED SHORT.. WE HAVE TO UNITE AND THIS GROUP HAS HELPED.
THIS IS WHAT HAS BEEN OFFERED UP AND IF WE COMMUNICATE THRU THIS AGENCY AS A ( BLOCK UNIT ) THEN JUSTICE REFORM MAY BE POSSIBLE. WE HAVE NO DIRECT ADVOCACY AT THIS TIME. NEVER HAD A SOLID AVENUE. TIME WE TRY & FORM A MORE PERFECT UNION THAT WE TRULY NEED!
A coalition of more than 200 national organizations that work to promote and protect the civil and human rights of all persons in the United States.
New Era of Public Safety: An Advocacy Toolkit for Fair, Safe, and Effective Community Policing is an initiative of the Policing Campaign at the Leadership Conference Education Fund, the education and research arm of The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights and was supported by the Google Foundation.
The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights is a coalition charged by its diverse membership of more than 200 national organizations to promote and protect the civil and human rights of all persons in the United States. Through advocacy and outreach to targeted constituencies, The Leadership Conference works toward the goal of a more open and just society – an America as good as its ideals. The Leadership Conference is a 501 (c)(4) organization that engages in legislative advocacy.
The Leadership Education Fund is a 501 (c)(3) organization that builds public will for laws and policies that promote and protect civil and human rights of every person in the United States. The issues The Education Fund works on have deep roots in its organizational history and across the communities it represents.
Access the toolkit online at New Era of Public Safety: An Advocacy Toolkit for Fair, Safe, and Effective Community Policing and the best practices report, New Era of Public Safety: A Guide to Fair, Safe, and Effective Community Policing, at https://policing.civilrights.org/report/
Stop-and-Frisks: Under the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Terry v. Ohio, 42 a stop must be based on a reasonable, articulable suspicion that a person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime. Stop-and-frisk practices and policies must comply with the Fourth Amendment of the U.S Constitution.
A frisk is a brief pat down of the outer clothing, and must be based on a reasonable articulable suspicion that the person is armed and presents a danger to an officer during a lawful investigatory stop.
Unless an officer feels something that could be a weapon through the outer clothing, they cannot go inside a person’s pockets or under their hat or other clothing items during a frisk.
Searches: To search people or cars, an officer must have probable cause to believe that they are concealing weapons, evidence, or contraband.
Except in cases of emergency, an officer must have a search warrant to search a home or building.
Strip searches and body cavity searches are allowed only when officers have probable cause to believe that someone is concealing weapons, evidence, or contraband in a way that cannot be detected using regular search methods.
Strip searches and visual cavity searches must be conducted in private by an officer of the same gender identity as the person being searched. Intrusive cavity searches must be conducted by a medical professional in a private area.
Consent Searches: A person is entitled to refuse or withdraw consent to a frisk or search where an officer does not have a reasonable suspicion that they are concealing a weapon, evidence, or contraband, or probable cause to believe they are committing or have committed a crime.
Officers should inform people of their rights to refuse or revoke consent, and document an individual’s informed, voluntary consent before proceeding with a consent search.
Arrests: An arrest must be based on probable cause – a belief, based on specific facts, that would lead a reasonable officer to conclude that it is more likely than not that a person is breaking or has broken a criminal law.
Before questioning a person who is, or reasonably believes they are, under arrest, an officer must read their Miranda rights and document an informed voluntary waiver of their right to remain silent and to speak to an attorney.