Black Muslims : Black Muslims in America 6 Centuries Before Columbus...

Omowale Jabali

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:: C :: Arabic ( Islamic ) Inscriptions:

1. Anthropologists have proven that the Mandinkos under Mansa Musa's instructions explored many parts of North America via the Mississippi and other rivers systems. At Four Corners, Arizona, writings show that they even brought elephants from Africa to the area.(7)
2. Columbus admitted in his papers that on Monday, October 21,1492 CE while his ship was sailing near Gibara on the north-east coast of Cuba, he saw a mosque on top of a beautiful mountain. The ruins of mosques and minarets with inscriptions of Qur'anic verses have been discovered in Cuba, Mexico, Texas and Nevada. (8)
3. During his second voyage, Columbus was told by the indians of ESPANOLA (Haiti), that black people had been to the island before his arrival. For proof, they presented Columbus with the spears of these African muslims. These weapons were tipped with a yellow metal that the indians called GUANIN, a word of West African derivation meaning 'gold alloy'. Oddly enough, it is related to the Arabic word 'GHINAA' which means 'WEALTH'. Columbus brought some GUANINES back to Spain and had them tested. He learned that the metal was 18 parts gold (56.25%), 6 parts silver (18.75%) and 8 parts copper (25%), the same ratio as the metal produced in African metalshops of Guinea. (14)
4. In 1498 CE, on his third voyage to the new world, Columbus landed in Trinidad. Later, he sighted the South American continent, where some of his crew went ashore and found natives using colorful handkerchiefs of symmetrically woven cotton. Columbus noticed that these handkerchiefs resembled the headdresses and loinclothes of Guinea in their colors, style and function. He referred to them as ALMAYZARS. ALMAYZAR is an Arabic word for 'wrapper', 'cover', 'apron' and/or 'skirting' which was the cloth the Moors (Spanish or North African Muslims) imported from west Africa (Guinea) into Morocco, Spain and Portugal. During this voyage, Columbus was surprised that the married women wore cotton panties (bragas) and he wondered where these natives learned their modesty. Hernan Cortes, Spanish conqueror, described the dress of the Indian women as 'long veils' and the dress of Indian men as 'breechcloth painted in the style of Moorish draperies'. Ferdinand Columbus called the native cotton garments 'breechclothes of the same design and cloth as the shawls worn by the Moorish women of Granada'. Even the similarity of the children's hammocks to those found in North Africa was uncanny.(15)
5. Dr. Barry Fell (Harvard University) introduced in his book 'Saga America-1980' solid scientific evidence supporting the arrival, centuries before Columbus, of Muslims from North and West Africa. Dr. Fell discovered the existence of the Muslim schools at Valley of Fire, Allan Springs, Logomarsino, Keyhole, Canyon, Washoe and Hickison Summit Pass (Nevada), Mesa Verde (Colorado), Mimbres Valley (New Mexico) and Tipper Canoe (Indiana) dating back to 700-800 CE. Engraved on rocks in the arid western U.S., he found texts, diagrams and charts representing the last surviving fragments of what was once a system of schools - at both an elementary and higher level. The language of instruction was North African Arabic written with old Kufic Arabic scripts. The subjects of instruction included writing, reading, arithmetic, religion, history, geography, mathematics, astronomy and sea navigation. The descendants of the Muslim visitors of North America are members of the present Iroquois, Algonquin, Anasazi, Hohokam and Olmec native people..(16)
6. There are 565 names of places (villages, towns, cities, mountains, lakes, rivers,.. etc. ) in U.S.A. (484) and Canada (81) which derived from Islamic and Arabic roots. These places were originally named by the natives in precolumbian periods. Some of these names carried holy meanings such as: Mecca-720 inhabitants (Indiana), Makkah Indian tribe (Washington), Medina-2100 (Idaho), Medina-8500 (N.Y.), Medina-1100, Hazen-5000 (North Dakota), Medina-17000/Medina-120000 (Ohio), Medina-1100 (Tennessee), Medina-26000 (Texas), Medina-1200 (Ontario), Mahomet-3200 (Illinois), Mona-1000 (Utah), Arva-700 (Ontario)...etc. A careful study of the names of the native Indian tribes revealed that many names are derived from Arab and Islamic roots and origins, i.e. Anasazi, Apache, Arawak, Arikana, Chavin, Cherokee, Cree, Hohokam, Hupa, Hopi, Makkah, Mahigan, Mohawk, Nazca, Zulu, Zuni...etc..
Based on the above historical, geographical and linguistic notes, a call to celebrate the millennium of the Muslim arrival to the Americas, five centuries before Columbus, has been issued to all Muslim nations and communities around the world. We hope that this call will receive complete understanding and attract enough support.
 

Omowale Jabali

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A sachem[p] or sagamore is a paramount chief among the Algonquians or other northeast American tribes. The two words are anglicizations of cognate terms (c.1622) from different Eastern Algonquian languages. Some sources contend the sagamore was a lesser chief than the sachem.[1][2] [3][4]

One source explains:

According to Captain John Smith, who explored New England in 1614, the Massachusett tribes called their kings "sachems" while the Penobscots (of Maine) used the term "sagamos" (anglicized as "sagamore"). Conversely, Deputy Governor Thomas Dudley of Roxbury wrote in 1631 that the kings in the bay area were called sagamores but were called sachems southward (in Plymouth). The two terms apparently came from the same root. Although "sagamore" has sometimes been defined by colonists and historians as a subordinate lord, modern opinion is that "sachem" and "sagamore" are dialectical variations of the same word.[5]

The "great chief" (Southern New England Algonquian: massasoit sachem) whose aid was such a boon to the Plymouth Colony is remembered today simply as Massasoit.[16] Another sachem, Mahomet Weyonomon of the Mohegan tribe, travelled to London in 1735, to petition king George II for fairer treatment of his people. He complained that their lands were becoming overrun by English settlers. Other sachem included Uncas, Wonalancet, Madockawando, and Samoset.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sachem
 

Omowale Jabali

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In reference to the etymology of the word or concept of "Sachem" consider the following as it relates to "kingship":

Meaning: The sekhem scepter denotes the concept of "power" and "might". The word sekhem could also refer to divine beings, and even the stars, as "powers". The name of the warlike goddess Sekhmet means "Mighty One". The god Osiris was often called, "Great Sekhem" or "Foremost of Powers". Therefore, the sekhem was often used as a symbol of the underworld deity. Due to its association with the underworld god, the scepter also became an emblem of another mortuary god, Anubis. The scepter was often shown with the reclining god, as shown above.
After the 3rd Dynasty, the sekhem appeared in the royal names of the pharaohs, and later in the titles of queens and princesses as well. However, from the earliest times, viziers and other officials of important rank held the sekhem. Such officials were often portrayed holding the scepter in the course of performing their duties. The classic Egyptian funerary statue depicted the deceased with a staff in one hand, and the sekhem in the other. As a scepter of office, a pair of eyes were carved on the upper part of the staff.
The sekhem was also utilized in temple and mortuary offering rituals. The officiant who presented the offerings often held it. In such cases the scepter was held in the right hand and was waved four or five times over the offerings while ritual recitations were being made. A gilded sekhem scepter was found in Tutankhamun's tomb. On the back of this scepter were carved five registers depicting a slaughtered bull, which may indicate that the scepter was waved five times over the offering.

http://www.egyptianmyths.net/sekhem.htm
 

Omowale Jabali

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Mahomet Weyonomon was a Native American tribal chieftain (or "sachem") of the Mohegan tribe from Connecticut, who travelled to England in 1735 to petition King George II for better treatment of his people.
Mahomet was the great-grandson of Uncas, founder of the Mohegan tribe. In 1735, Captain John Mason, a descendent of the settler who had been asked by Uncas to act as guardians and trustees over the Mohegan land, engineered Mahomet's election to the position of Sachem in place of his great Uncle, Ben Uncas, who was more favoured by the Colony of Connecticut.
By 1735, the Mohegan people had lost much of their planting and hunting lands to English settlers. Accompanied by two settlers who supported his cause, John and Samuel Mason, and another Mohegan, AughQuant, Weyonomon travelled to England, where the trio rented accommodation at St Mary Aldermanbury in the City of London while they prepared their petition to the King. The King referred the matter to the Lords Commissioners on Foreign Trade and Plantations, however both John Mason and Weyonomon succumbed to smallpox in 1736 before their case could be heard by the commission.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahomet_Weyonomon
 

Omowale Jabali

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Salih Yucel a religious official at the Redfern mosque in Sydney, spent time in America researching the early islamic influence on America
One of his findings was that many of the Americas place names have islamic roots, and where named before the arrival of the Europeans, thus strengthening the evidence of the existance of west african , and uthmanic muslims in the Americas before Columbus

“The names of 565 places, 484 of them being in the US and 81 in Canada, such as the names of villages, towns, cities, mountains, lakes, and rivers, come from Islamic and Arabic roots. These places were originally named by local people before Columbus ever set foot in America. Some of these names are even Islamic place names, examples such as:
  • Mecca (with a population of 720) in Indiana; founded in 1873 CE (1289 AH) by Arab Muslims
  • Medina ( with a population of 2100) in Idaho;
  • Medina (with a population of 8,500) in New York;
  • Medina (with a population of 1,100) in North Dakota
  • Hazen (with a population of 5,000) in North Dakota;
  • Medina (with a population of 17,000) and
  • Medina (with a population of 120.000) in Ohio
  • Medina (with a population of 1,100) in Tennessee
  • Medina (with a population of 26,000) in Texas
  • Medina (with a population of 1,200) in Ontario
  • Aria (with a population of 700) in Ontario;
  • Mahomet (with a population of 3,200) in Illinois;

  • Mona (with a population of 1,000) in Utah. When the indigenous tribe names are examined in the US, it is understood that most of them derive from Arabic and Islamic roots. These are names such as, Anasazi, Apache, Arawak, Arikana, Chavin, Cherokee, Cree, Hohokam, Hupa, Hopi, Makkah, Mahigan, Mohawk, Nazca, Zulu, Zuni.
http://muslimwiki.com/mw/index.php/Islamic_place_names_in_America
 
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